Sunday, October 25, 2009

John of Gaunt (1340-1399)

John of Gaunt of King of Castille and the son of King Edward III and Philippa of Hainault. He married Lady Blanche, Contancia Duchess of Lancaster and Katherine Roet.

After an era of royal restrictions and economic hardship following the black death and legislation passed by parliament limiting wages without regulating prices, there was a Peasants Revolt in 1381 against the government policies of John of Gaunt.

When Henry, Duke of Lancaster died in 1361, his estates including Pontefract Castle, passed to John of Gaunt. John of Gaunt became guardian to his nephew Richard II, (the son of the Black Prince) and virtually ran the country.

John of Gaunt had his nephew Richard II of England declare the Beaufort children legitimate in 1390, with the important proviso that they were barred from the succession to the throne, despite being the grandchildren of Edward III of England.

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